He led the first expedition to reach the South Pole and was the first person to visit both the North and South Pole. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton attended Dulwich College from 1887 until 1890. Reaching the South Pole first and planting a flag was a big prize for explorers from these countries. In January 1908 he returned to Antarctica as leader of the British Antarctic (Nimrod) Expedition (1907–09). In 1903, he guided the 47-ton sloop Gjöa through the Northwest Passage and around the Canadian coast, the first navigator to accomplish the treacherous journey. The first group of women to reach the pole were Pam Young, Jean Pearson, Lois Jones, Eileen McSaveney, Kay Lindsay and Terry Tickhill in 1969. His 1926 air expedition to the North Pole came 17 years after Robert E. Peary became the first man to reach it (this is open to debate according to historians). His seaplane failed to return and the Norwegian government instituted a … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Shackleton died at Grytviken, South Georgia, however, at the outset of the journey. Amundsen Becomes First to Reach South Pole, December 14, 1911 Under the command of Roald Amundsen, the South Pole was discovered 100 years ago By Daniel C. Schlenoff on December 14, 2011 He was perhaps best known for his 1914–16 expedition, in which his ship, Endurance, was crushed by pack ice and the crew endured months of hardship before being rescued. Occupation: Explorer Born: July 16, 1872 in Borge, Norway Died: June 18, 1928 during a rescue attempt Best known for: First man to visit the South Pole Biography: Roald Amundsen (1872 - 1928) was an explorer of the North and South Poles. Edgeworth David, reached the area of the south magnetic pole. He reached the top of Everest in May 1953, summited the South Pole in January 1958, and made it to the North Pole in company with Neil Armstrong in April 1985. Amundsen had planned to be the first man to the North Pole… Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. He decided to adapt to the lifestyle of the native Inuit people. On his return to England, Shackleton was knighted and was made a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. German physicist Max Planck publishes his groundbreaking study of the effect of radiation on a “blackbody” substance, and the quantum theory of modern physics is born. The sledging party returned to the base camp in late February 1909, but they discovered that the Nimrod had set sail some two days earlier. The first person to reach the North Pole was an engineer in the American Navy named Robert Edwin Peary, who reached the Pole on 6 April 1909, along with his employee Matthew Henson and four Inuit men named Seeglo, Ootah, Ooqueah, and Egigingwah. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ernest-Henry-Shackleton, National Library of Scotland - Biography of Ernest Shackleton, Ernest Henry Shackleton - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Ernest Shackleton - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), British Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Shackleton served in the British army during World War I. Find more answers. But as sponsor, can their judgement be relied upon? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Ernest H. Shackleton and two members of his expedition after the planting of the British flag within 97 nautical miles (112 statute miles or 180 km) of the South Pole. Shackleton and his party set fire to the camp to signal the ship, which received the signal and returned to the camp a few days later, successfully retrieving them. The voyage of Anglo-Irish explorer Ernest Shackleton, showing the entry of the. The first person to reach all three locations was Edmund Hillary. American explorer Richard Byrd and three companions make the first flight over the South Pole, flying from their base on the Ross Ice Shelf to the pole and back in 18 hours and 41 minutes. The Sandy Hook shooting was, at the time, the ...read more, On December 14, 1909, workers place the last of the 3.2 million 10-pound bricks that pave the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana (a town surrounded by the city of Indianapolis). American explorer Richard E. Byrd became the first person to fly over the South Pole, in 1926, and the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was established thirty years later. 2 See answers rinmwango rinmwango Roal Amunsen was the first. On this day in 1911, Norweigan explorer Roald Amundsen became the first person to reach the South Pole with his party of four other men. In 1897, he was first mate on a Belgian expedition that was the first ever to winter in the Antarctic. All Rights Reserved. Ernest Shackleton's ship the Endurance sinking in the ice of the Weddell Sea, while a team of sled dogs looks on, November 1915. On this page you will find the solution to Norwegian explorer who in 1911 became the first person to reach the South Pole, one month ahead of 18-Across: 2 wds. “Antarctic history is peopled by true heroes: Amundsen, Shackleton, and the tragic Robert Falcon Scott, who experienced one of the greatest disappointments in the annals of exploration when he reached the South Pole in 1912 to find the Norwegian flag flying there. He later made attempts to become the first explorer to fly over the North Pole. Amundsen completed his preparations and in June 1910 sailed instead for Antarctica, where the English explorer Robert F. Scott was also headed with the aim of reaching the South Pole. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He’d become not only the first person to reach the South Pole, but the first to reach both. Answers first person to reach South Pole. After his historic Antarctic journey, Amundsen established a successful shipping business. READ MORE: The Treacherous Race to the South Pole. Millions of Americans did, however, make it through the film that made a ...read more. Through physical experiments, Planck demonstrated that energy, in certain situations, can exhibit ...read more, George Washington, the American revolutionary leader and first president of the United States, dies at his estate in Mount Vernon, Virginia. Looking for something else? Who was the first person to reach the south pole? Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was buried on the island of South Georgia in the South Atlantic Ocean. Looking for something else? The National Geographic Society (USA) sponsored Peary's expedition, and in 1989 concluded that Peary was within five miles of the Pole. The First Person to Reach the South Pole Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (16 July 1872 – c. 18 June 1928) was a Norwegian explorer of polar regions. In 1908–09 Shackleton led a brilliant expedition, during which he examined the Great Barrier, climbed to 11,000 feet (3,400 metres), and…, …Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1914–17) under. In October, both explorers set off—Amundsen using sleigh dogs, and Scott employing Siberian motor sledges, Siberian ponies, and dogs. His exploration was such a great risk that he ended up having eight of his toes amputat… New questions in Geography. He planned to cross Antarctica from a base on the Weddell Sea to McMurdo Sound, via the South Pole, but the expedition ship Endurance was trapped in ice off the Caird coast and drifted for 10 months before being crushed in the pack ice. On January 18, 1912, they reached the pole only to find that Amundsen had preceded them by over a month. He was 67 years old. The pardon was one of the first under Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, which he had announced less than a ...read more, On December 14, 1939, the League of Nations, the international peacekeeping organization formed at the end of World War I, expels the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in response to the Soviets’ invasion of Finland on November 30. Roald Amundsen's party was first, reaching the South Pole on 14 December 1911. Weather on the return journey was exceptionally bad—two members perished—and a storm later trapped Scott and the other two survivors in their tent only 11 miles from their base camp. His first direct military ...read more, On December 14, 2012, at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, Adam Lanza kills 20 first graders and six school employees before turning a gun on himself. Vii Peninsula, wintered on Ross island, McMurdo Sound 1907–09 ) he flew within 150 miles of goal! 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